What are Standard Operating Procedures? What do they mean in a business and why should they be taken seriously?


Standard operating procedures (SOPs) are a set of instructions for any particular operation within an organization. These instructions map out all steps and activities of a process or procedure, which, when followed with care, should guarantee a particular expected outcome. In the ERP world SOP is often used alongside or interchangeably with the similar term “best practice approach.” The idea behind this is that people have been working with a particular set of guidelines which they have determined to be the best way possible to get a particular job done: filling out a customer receipt for example, or completing a sales order. While each company is different, some of the broader processes and methods can serve as a model for other organizations with similar functions that need to be performed.

There are many benefits to having SOPs in place within an organization. In the first place, in documenting any function within an organization, you commit collective or even individual knowledge into something tangible: a document. Written procedures and practices then become part of the corporate knowledge base, and are no longer limited to one particular individual or group. Routine training of new employees can be based on the SOPs, and tasks across the company can be standardized. Performance of and adherence to set guidelines can be enforced.

In an environment where regulatory compliance is a requirement and spot checking is in place (pharmaceuticals, medical devices, chemical plants, etc.), SOPs are a must. According to some literature, one of the most frequently reported problems identified in regulatory inspections is a lack of written SOPs and/or the failure to follow them. In a manufacturing environment, SOPs are also imperative in order to insure uniform results, effective quality control, and ultimately, traceability. SOPs are not static documents, however, and they need to be reviewed regularly and updated to assure that they are keeping up with any new working procedures, developments and/or regulatory requirements that are put in place. Changes to the SOPs should be documented.

On a corporate level, SOPs are all about improving your business – be it striving towards continuity, or putting into action best practices for the long run. In the process of documenting and putting SOPs in place, companies may even discover better ways to complete tasks.

When deciding on whether to invest in an ERP system, before moving over to a new system, while in the process of implementing or even re-evaluating the way you do business: take the time to think about SOPs. To get real value from your software and your implementation, insist on working with SOPs. Make sure that the system you are having installed can handle the way you do business. And make sure that things are documented. The people that are involved in the work itself OR their direct supervisors should be consulted when preparing SOPs. If your consultant tells you this is not necessary – beware. The people in the trenches of your establishment are the ones responsible for doing the work documented in the SOP. The greater their involvement, the greater their sense of ownership, the greater their investment and ultimately, the greater the likelihood that they will adhere to the SOPs. Where this is impractical, at the very least the SOPs should be “owned” by the supervisor.

SOPs are proven to work. They can help you streamline processes, enhance performance, improve customer service and, ultimately, boost business. Investment of time in creating and maintaining SOPs will be well spent. In today’s economy, companies need to make the most of the resources they have. In creating SOPs you are not only using your resources wisely, but you ensure that hard earned knowledge and experience is shared, becomes tangible and is transformed into a corporate commodity.


Partnerships in the ERP/SaaS World


Channel conflict, changing terms, lack of support. These are all things that you will hear and read about in the world of partnerships and when considering the advantages/disadvantages of becoming a VAR for any type of vendor. In the shifting world of ERP/SaaS, you’ll probably be hearing about them more and more.


Changing Face of ERP


ERP systems have traditionally been sold as in-house solutions, where the VAR is often not only the sales conduit, but the implementation and service provider as well. Different vendors have historically implemented different terms and conditions for the opportunity to participate in their partner programs. Some require substantial payments for the privilege of becoming a partner, some don’t; some provide sales commission or leads but no commission, some don’t; some expect their partners to make money only on implementation and service, and many employ a combination of any or all of the above and more. With the new opportunities of SaaS, where an ERP system can be hosted and many of the implementation and service issues are necessarily falling back to the vendor, things have gotten complicated, and in some cases with big name vendors, even nasty.


While there is inherent logic in the decisions many VARs are making, to stick with the partnerships they have been nurturing for years, others are realizing that it may be time to broaden their horizons and try to make the most of the new offers that are now available. While there is a need to focus on a particular specialty or area of the market, both you and your market may benefit from more of a choice of offerings. A look at our previous post ERP Fees & Installation Alternatives will outline some of the different options now available, while we continue to focus here on how these changes effect the partner relationship.


Partnerships with Vendors


Trust. Beyond the terms of partnership, possible channel conflicts and the way they are addressed, and initial and continuing support, the bottom line when choosing a vendor is trust. Can a vendor be trusted to be fair and to treat their partners decently? Complaints will always be made about varying terms of the partner relationship and fluctuating commission fees, but in the long run, does the vendor treat their partners as true partners, or a necessary evil of doing business in today’s environment?


Fairness. Changing realities, new technologies and options in the market will ultimately result in vendors’ need to restructure their price lists or partner terms. This is fair. But do vendors give enough advance warning to their partners? Are they willing to discuss the issues and explain the points and rational behind the changes? Are they flexible with outstanding quotes to end customers, so that no face is lost in attempts to close the deal? All these are key questions to ask potential vendors and will help you determine whether they are fair in dealing with partners.


Business Ethics. Channel conflict, where partners have to compete against one another or the vendor’s own sales teams, is another touchy issue between partners and vendors. In addition, poaching customers is not an unheard of phenomenon among partners. While this may have more of a financial impact on partners in on-premise installations with one-time and annual use payments, it remains an issue in the SaaS arena. Different options have been employed by vendors to address this, including deal/lead registration and providing direct support, but the jury is still out as to the effectiveness of these options. Lead registration has been touted as a protection device to ensure that a partner does not undercut the partner who initiated the deal, but has also been thrashed as helping some vendors sweep up the deals themselves. A vendor that is truly interested in promoting the success of their partners will ensure that lead registration is respected and maintained. And that if at a later stage, for whatever reason, a customer decides to switch service providers, the partner who originally made the sale continues to receive some revenue, even if they are no longer providing support.


Cooperation. Some believe that if you have a captive market, then the partner working that market is at an advantage. We’ve actually found the opposite to be true. Healthy competition is not necessarily a bad thing. Also, when prospective customers see that there are more and more vendors of a particular solution, they are less insecure about investing in the said solution. As long as the vendor is looking out for everyone’s best interest, cooperation across geographic or even technical expertise lines can be bridged, making cooperation mutually beneficial for all concerned: customer-partner-partner-vendor, a win-win-win-win scenario.


Support. In terms of product support, one of the key indicators of a vendor’s willingness to work hand-and-hand with partners is the level of support provided. Often vendors require partners to take expensive training courses as well as pay for on-going support. While this does seem to be fair, it should not be abused by the vendor, and as much material as possible should be provided to enable the partners to help themselves. Again, this fosters the growth of a foundation of strong partners that can be self-reliant and independent, allowing the vendor to concentrate on their own priorities.


Ideally, vendors should be focused on getting the best product out to market and providing the support and infrastructure necessary to allow their partners and VARs to flourish. By significantly expanding and maintaining a growing footprint in their market, sales will benefit both the partners and the resellers. Look for win-win scenarios when reviewing terms and contracts, not only from the partner-vendor point of view, but from the partner-partner-vendor and customer side of things as well.


By Rebecca Haviv



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